There is a small rookery on Ano Nuevo Island, located offshore from Ano Nuevo State Park (about a 2 hour drive north of Point Lobos). Sea lions can be seen year round although their numbers are less in summer. are brown, bark loudly, “walk” on land using their large flippers and have visible ear flaps. When discussing the difference between the seal vs. sea lion we can find five main differences that have to do with their anatomy and character traits. They often float together on the water’s surface in rafts with one or both flippers raised out of the water. Sea lions also hunt together. See more ideas about elephant seal, elephant, sea lion. Pups are nursed on mom’s rich milk and double their weight before weaning at approximately 4 weeks. Two species inhabit the sanctuary, the elephant seal and harbor seal. And in general, true seals have more blubber and are more streamlined. The Phocidae, or family group to which the true seals belong, are believed to have descended from a terrestrial weasel-like ancestor, while the Otariidae, or sea lion family group, are thought to have descended from a terrestrial bear-like ancestor. We obtained evidences of exposure to Leptospiravarious strains, increasing with age, but, contrary to what we found in the northern elephant seal, we found noevidence of curren t acute infection. 866.338.7227  |  80 Garden Court #106 Monterey, CA  93940   Site is maintained by the Point Lobos Foundation ©2018   Site designed by Forest Design LLC. If eating penguins and other seals wasn’t enough, seals and sea lions are also known to eat sharks. Since the 1960's, the population of Steller sea lions has declined by at least 50%. All together the Sea Lion Island population seems to be pretty healthy. True seals are termed "earless" because they lack an external ear flap, whereas in "eared" seals or sea lions an external ear flap is visible. Sea lions and fur seals (seals with thick fur that are more similar to sea lions than to … Sea otters are smaller than seals and sea lions, have stubby front paws and rest by floating on their back. Harbor seals . They have spotted coats in a variety of shades from white or silver-gray to dark brown. Mating occurs under water. Females can reach 220 pounds and about 6 feet in length. Elephant seals get their name because the males - called bulls - have a huge trunk-like proboscis. The average depth of their dives is about 300 to 600 m (1,000 to 2,000 ft), typically for around 20 minutes for females and 60 … The average length is 5 - 6 feet. A typical dive for the sea lion is a few minutes long and down to 300 feet. Hauling out to rest and sleep is an important part of a seal’s routine. Getting There. Small intestine lengths range from 8 times (California sea lion) to 25 times (elephant seal) the body length. The flipper is raised to help warm or cool the body - called thermoregulation. The southern elephant seal is a true seal and is the largest pinniped (seal or sea lion) and carnivoran (hairy carnivore) in the world. They have a blunt face and a boxy, bear-like head. When not congregating together to rest, they can be seen swimming past the shoreline, sometimes jumping out of the water as they move along. If you see just the nose of a seal sticking above the water, it’s in a resting position called “bottling.” While on land they are skittish and frighten easily. Then it’s time to start the cycle again. Males can reach 650 pounds and 8 feet in length. Whether obvious or hidden, physical attributes allow northern elephant seals to excel in the deep marine environment and to coexist with other seals and sea lions in the eastern North Pacific. Breeding age females remain near the rookeries all year and give birth in June or July. Males reach lengths of nearly 20 feet (6 m) and weights of more than 8000 pounds (3700 kg). Adult males are enormous – at least six times larger than polar bears and nearly twice the size of the next largest seal (the northern elephant seal). Their bodies are long and slender, and their heads appear to be almost too large for their serpent-like bodies. Much more agile in their ocean environment, an elephant seal moves on land with considerable effort, by using its front flippers and belly. Quiet and shy, harbor Within this super family, the three are divided into three families: the otaridos (sea lions), the phocidae (seals) and the Odobenidae (walruses). This causes differences between the two in locomotion when on land: seals move forward by caterpillar-like hitching movements; sea lions use their hind legs to walk or even gallop across land. Under the EPBC Act all seals and sea lions occurring within Australian waters are listed as marine species (EPBC Act 1999; section 248). There are other, somewhat subtle, differences between the front flippers of the two groups, but the hind flipper differences are noticeable. Oddly enough fur seals are not seals at all. Males remain there for about one month and then return to California and as far north as British Columbia. Look carefully and you will find many seals here year round. Let’s sort out the taxonomy first. But this was something different entirely. Steller sea lions have golden-colored fur with darker extremities, and instead of the "bark" of the California sea lion, Stellers vocalize by growling or "bellowing". One must travel somewhere else along the California coast to see a spectacular adult male elephant seal, with its long proboscis, or nose, for which the species is named. Subadults might also haul out on our beaches to rest. Large groups rest closely packed together on land, even sprawled over one another. The southern elephant seal belongs to the ‘true seal’ family. Sea Lions . When seals and sea lions share our shores, we need to give them space, especially mothers with pups. Fur seals and sea lions are also known as eared seals. The occasional sightings at Point Lobos might include a recently weaned pup who hasn’t learned to successfully forage and is suffering from malnutrition. The largest concentration of Steller rookeries is in the Gulf of Alaska and Aleutian Islands. Another seal that many people think of is the leopard seal. Both have long front flippers and rotating hind flippers enabling them to “walk” on land. In and around Redwood National and State Parks, the most commonly seen eared seal is the California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Sea Lion Island is located 120 km southwest of Stanley and at 9.05km2 it is the largest of the Sea Lion Island Group, which also includes Rum, Brandy, Whiskey and the Sea Lion Easterly Islands. Adult males establish and defend breeding territories and form harems. Video by NOAA Fisheries. The two species might be confused with one another because they share many physical characteristics. An elephant seal flips sand on itself to help regulate body temperature. They now number approximately 85,000. The seals you see today could be the same seals you see on your next visit to Point Lobos. For a comparison of some of the most common marine mammals found in the Pacific Northwest (gray whales and orcas, harbor seals and sea lions, Dalls porpoise and white-sided dolphin, sea otters and land mammal river otters), please watch Marine Mammals Two by Two . The adult male, with its large elongated nose, is enormous at over 2 tons and up to 16 feet; females are significantly smaller. They are opportunistic feeders and not very picky, eating a wide variety of fish, squid, octopus and even small sharks. Elephant seals, on the other hand, are uniformly tan colored all over, and seen only rarely within the parks. They use their front flippers similarly to sea lions otariids and leopard seal females are larger than males. Quiet and shy, harbor seals can be seen year-round resting on rocks just offshore. California sea lions are the "trained seal" of marine parks and circuses. Fur seals, actually in the sea lion group, having extremely long hind flippers. It's even possible that a seal might to try to reproduce with a sea lion. They are dark grey immediately after moulting, fading through the year to a rusty greyish brown. The seal gets its name from its great size and the large proboscis of the adult males, which is used to make extraordinarily loud roaring noises, especially during the mating season. The long front and rotating hind flippers enable them to “walk” on land and to climb - whether it be on rocks, buoys, or boats in a marina. Males can grow to 11 feet in length and weigh almost 2,500 pounds. Seals and sea lions are both mammals. 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